• Matla a macha a matala a mafura a ethanol a ntse a eketseha

Matla a macha a matala a mafura a ethanol a ntse a eketseha

lilemong tsa morao tjena, ho chesoa ha joang ho hlahisa palo e kholo ea lintho tse silafatsang moea tse kang sulfur dioxide, nitric dioxide, le inhaled particulate matter ho mpefatsa moholi oa litoropo.Litlhaka tse tukang li thibetsoe ho e 'ngoe ea tse tsepamisisang maikutlo mosebetsing oa ts'ireletso ea tikoloho lilemong tsa morao tjena.Joalo ka sekoli se seng, likhase tsa moea oa mohatla oa mofosi oa moholi le tsona li ile tsa sutumelletsoa holimo.Ho tobana le tšilafalo e tlisoang ke likoloi, ho bohlokoa haholo ho ntlafatsa boleng ba oli.

Tlaleho ea "Anhui Ecological Civilization Construction" e sa tsoa lokolloa e bontša hore mathata le maemo a tobaneng le thibelo le taolo ea tšilafalo ea moea nakong ea "Leano la Leshome le Metso e Mehlano la Lilemo" li ne li le boima.Litsebi tse amehang li boletse hore Profinse ea Anhui ke profinse ea pele naheng ea heso ho khothaletsa peterole ea ethanol mme e fihletse boiphihlelo bo atlehileng.Sena se lokela ho nka e le qalo ea ho eketsa matsapa a ho khothaletsa peterole ea ethanol ka mokhoa o phethahetseng ho fokotsa moholi.

Ho phahamisa peterole ea koloi bakeng sa peterole ea koloi ho ka pele ho naha

Kenya peresente e itseng ea mafura a ethanol (e tsejoang haholo e le joala) ho peterole e tloaelehileng, 'me u etse peterole ea koloi ea ethanol.Ho ea ka litekanyetso tsa naha, peterole ea ethanol e kopantsoe le 90% ea peterole e tloaelehileng le 10% ea mafura a ethanol.Ho sebelisa peterole ea koloi ena, koloi ha e hloke ho fetola enjene.

Ho eketsoa ha mafura a ethanol ho ekelitse oksijene ka har'a peterole, ho etsa hore peterole e chese ka botlalo, 'me e fokotse tlhahiso ea metsoako ea hydrocarbon, carbon dioxide, carbon dioxide, PM2.5;MTBE e thata ho e theola.Ha batho ba pepesehetse khatello e phahameng ea MTBE, e tla baka ntho e nyonyehang, ho hlatsa, ho tsekela le tse ling tse sa thabiseng);ka nako e ts'oanang, litaba tsa aromatics ka peterole li fokotsehile, 'me tlhahiso ea bobeli ea PM2.5 e ka fokotseha.

"Ntšetso-pele ea ethanol sebakeng sa peterole e ke ke ea boloka matla feela, empa hape e fokotsa khase e kotsi e ntšoang ke koloi.Ke taba e ncha e loketseng tšireletso ea tikoloho le lisebelisoa.”Qiao Yingbin o bontšitse hore naha ea heso e fetohile naha e kholo ea ho reka oli kantle ho naha.Ka lebaka la ho angoa ke lisebelisoa, khohlano lipakeng tsa phepelo le tlhoko ea oli e tala e ntse e eketseha.Ka lehlakoreng le leng, peterole ea likoloi bakeng sa likoloi e thusa ho fokotsa khohlano pakeng tsa khaello ea peterole, 'me ka lehlakoreng le leng, e thusa ho ntlafatsa tikoloho ea sepakapaka.Elite bakeng sa ethanol e ka fokotsa tšilafalo ea khase ea koloi ka 1/3, ha e ntse e qoba tšilafalo ea metsi a ka tlas'a lefatše.

Palo e kholo ea lithuto li fumane hore, ha e bapisoa le peterole e tloaelehileng, peterole ea ethanol e ka fokotsa tlhahiso ea PM2.5 ho feta 40%.Har'a bona, khatello ea lik'hemik'hale tsa hydrocarbon (CH) ka koloi ea koloi e theohile ka 42,7%, 'me carbon monoxide (CO) e fokotsehile ka 34,8%.

Profinse ea rona e koetse lilemo tse fetang 10 ho tloha ka la 1 Mmesa 2005, e leng se tlisitseng litholoana tse hlakileng haholo tsa paballo ea matla le phokotso ea mosi ho tloha ha ho sebelisoa peterole ea ethanol.Ho tloha ka 2015, profinse e sebelisitse kakaretso ea lithane tse limilione tse 2.38 tsa mafura a ethanol, lithane tse limilione tse 23.8 tsa peterole ea ethanol bakeng sa likoloi, le lithane tse limilione tse 7.88 tsa likhase tsa carbon dioxide.Har'a bona, lithane tse ka bang 330,000 tsa mafura a ethanol li sebelisitsoe ka 2015 ho fokotsa tlhahiso ea carbon ka lithane tse limilione tse 1.09.Ho khothaletsa peterole ea makoloi bakeng sa makoloi, profinse ea rona e etelletse pele naha.

Ho ea ka lintlha tse tsoang Lefapheng la Provincial Public Security Management Management, qetellong ea 2015, thepa ea likoloi tsa profinse e ne e le likoloi tse ka bang limilione tse 11, 'me tšebeliso ea peterole ea ethanol e ne e lekana le ho fokotsa mocheso oa likoloi tse ka bang limilione tse 4.6, ha aa ka a fokotsa feela moholi oa litoropo, empa hape o fokotsitse ka katleho litlamorao tsa likhase tsa mocheso oa Moemphera.Ho tloha ka 2015, profinse ea rona e 'nile ea nka "ho tsoela pele ho fokotsa khatello ea PM10 le ho leka ho fokotsa leholiotsoana" e le tlhokahalo e khethehileng bakeng sa thibelo ea tšilafalo ea moea.
Lijo-thollo tsa ka mpeng li khothalletsa ts'ebetso e tebileng ea poone

E le ho sileha lijo-thollo tse tsofetseng, naha ea heso e ile ea kena mokhahlelong oa 'nete oa ho phahamisa peterole ea ethanol ka 2002. Profinse ea rona ke e 'ngoe ea liprofinse tse hlahisang mafura a ethanol pejana, hape ke profinse bakeng sa papatso ea peterole ea ethanol ka har'a naha.Hajoale, ts'ebetso e tebileng ea poone e ka pele ho naha, 'me e thehile theko e felletseng ea poone, ts'ebetso le tlhahiso ea mafura a ethanol, le ketane ea indasteri e koetsoeng le ho khothaletsoa profinseng.Kakaretso ea poone e hlahisoang profinseng e ka sebetsoa profinseng.Phallo ea hona joale ea mafura a ethanol ke lithane tse 560,000, ts'ebeliso ea profinse profinseng ke lithane tse 330,000, 'me peterole ea ethanol e tsoakiloeng e feta lithane tse limilione tse 3.3.Sekala sa indasteri se maemong a pele a naha.E boetse e fana ka pheletso e tsitsitseng ea bareki bakeng sa tšilo ea poone ea lehae.

Sebakeng sa naha e hlakileng mehato e mengata ea ho cheka lethathamo la lijo le ho tšehetsa ka matla leano le tebileng la ts'ebetso ea lihlahisoa tsa temo, tšebeliso ea motheo bakeng sa nts'etsopele ea indasteri ea mafura a ethanol ka lilemo tse ngata Profinseng ea Anhui, le tsoelo-pele e itekanetseng ea mafura. ethanol ke e 'ngoe ea litsela tsa ho rarolla bothata bona.

Poone ke e 'ngoe ea lijalo tse kholo tsa lijo-thollo tse lengoang ho lihoai tse karolong e ka leboea ea Anhui profinseng ea rona.Sebaka sa ho lema se boemong ba bobeli ka mor'a koro.Ho tloha ka 2005, tlhahiso ea poone ea profinse e eketsehile selemo le selemo.Buka ea selemo ea lipalo-palo ea Chaena e bontša hore ho tloha ho lithane tse limilione tse 2,35 ka 2005 ho ea ho lithane tse limilione tse 4,65 ka 2014, e leng keketseho e batlang e imena habeli.Leha ho le joalo, mabapi le pokello ea lijo-thollo le polokelo, polokelo e phahameng e tletse polokelo, 'me khatello ea lichelete e kholo.Litsebi tse ling li ile tsa hlahloba hore ho na le lithane tse fetang limilione tse 280 tsa lihlahisoa tsa poone ea naha, 'me theko ea selemo le selemo ea theko ea poone e ka bang 252 yuan, e kenyelletsang litšenyehelo tsa ho fumana chelete, litšenyehelo tsa tlhokomelo, thuso ea phaello, e sa kenyelletseng lipalangoang, kaho ea boleng ba polokelo, joalo-joalo litšenyehelo.Ka tsela ena, litšenyehelo tsa lihlahisoa tsa poone tseo selemo sa lichelete li lokelang ho lefshoa bakeng sa selemo li tla feta li-yuan tse limilione tse likete tse 65,5.Ho ka bonoa hore poone "destocking" e potlakile.

Theko e phahameng ea thepa le eona e tlisitse ho theoha ha litheko tsa poone.Ho latela tlaleho ea beke le beke ea tlhahlobo ea litheko tsa lijo-thollo le oli, theko ea poone ea boemo ba bobeli mathoasong a Pherekhong 2016 e ne e le 94.5 yuan/50 kg, mme ka la 8 Mots'eanong, e ne e theohetse ho 82 yuan/50 kg.Bohareng ba June, Li Yong, hlooho ea Huaihe Grain Industry Unite Seterekeng sa Laqiao, Suzhou City, o ile a bolella baqolotsi ba litaba hore theko ea poone e ne e rekoa ho 1.2 yuan ka catty qalong ea selemo se fetileng, mme theko ea 'maraka ke feela. hoo e ka bang 0.75 yuan.Litsebi tse amehang tse tsoang Komiting ea Temo ea Profinse li lumela hore ho ea ka pono ea hona joale, e le poone ea lijalo tse kholo, hoa hlokahala ho qoba "bothata ba ho rekisa lijo".Ntle le mehato e mengata, molemong oa ho itokisetsa ho beha maemo le ho eketsa bokhoni ba pokello le polokelo, ho boetse hoa hlokahala ho eketsa bokhoni ba tlhahiso ea lijo-thollo tse silang indastering ea tšebetso e tlase.Bokgoni.E le sebaka se bohareng le se tlase sa lijo, likhoebo tsa ethanol li ka tsamaisa 'maraka oa lijo-thollo ka botlalo.Ntle le ho ama tlhahiso ea lijo, tšilo ea lijo e utloahalang ea thepa ea lihlahisoa tsa temo, e le hore phepelo ea temo-lehlakoreng reform e ka kengoa tšebetsong.


Nako ea poso: Oct-13-2022