• ethanol ea biofuel ea naha ea heso e na le sebaka se seholo sa nts'etsopele

ethanol ea biofuel ea naha ea heso e na le sebaka se seholo sa nts'etsopele

n lilemong tsa morao tjena, biofuel ethanol e fihletse tsoelo-pele e potlakileng lefatšeng ka bophara.Le hoja naha ea heso e na le matla a itseng a tlhahiso tšimong ena, ho ntse ho e-na le lekhalo le leholo ha le bapisoa le linaha tse tsoetseng pele.Ha nako e ntse e ea, nts'etsopele ea ethanol ea biofuel e tla khothaletsa ho leka-lekana ha phepelo ea lijo le tlhoko le ho tsamaisa nts'etsopele ea moruo oa mahaeng.

“Indasteri ea ethanol ea biofuel e fetohile sebaka se secha sa kholo ea moruo le mohato oa bohlokoa ho nts'etsapele moruo oa mahaeng.tlhahiso ea ethanol ea biofuel naheng ea heso hajoale e ka ba lithane tse limilione tse 2,6, e ntseng e le lekhalo le leholo ha le bapisoa le linaha tse tsoetseng pele, 'me ho hlokahala hore ho etsoe pele."Qiao Yingbin, setsebi sa theknoloji ea lik'hemik'hale le mookameli oa mehleng oa Lekala la Saense le Theknoloji ea Sinopec, o boletse sebokeng sa puisano sa mecha ea litaba se neng se tšoaretsoe haufinyane.

Biofuel ethanol e ka etsoa peterole ea ethanol bakeng sa likoloi.Litsebi tsa indasteri li lumela hore bohlokoa ba ho hlahisa ethanol ea biofuel ke ho rarolla mathata a temo.Ka lilemo tse ngata, naha ea heso e ntse e eketsa matla a phetoho ea poone ea in-situ, 'me e' ngoe ea litsela tsa ho tsoa ke ho hlahisa ethanol ea biofuel.
Boiphihlelo ba machaba bo bontša hore nts'etsopele ea biofuel ethanol e ka theha mekhoa ea nako e telele, e tsitsitseng le e laoloang le phetoho bakeng sa lihlahisoa tse ngata tsa temo, le ho ntlafatsa bokhoni ba naha ba ho laola 'maraka oa lijo-thollo.Ka mohlala, United States e sebelisa 37% ea kakaretso ea lihlahisoa tsa poone ho hlahisa ethanol ea mafura, e bolokang theko ea poone;Brazil, ka tlhahiso e kopanetsoeng ea 'moba-tsoekere-ethanol, e tiisa botsitso ba theko ea 'moba le tsoekere ea lapeng 'me e sireletsa lithahasello tsa lihoai.

"Nts'etsopele ea biofuel ethanol e thusa ho khothaletsa tekano ea phepelo ea lijo le tlhoko, ho theha potoloho e ntle ea tlhahiso ea lijo le ts'ebeliso ea lijo, ka hona ho tsitsisa tlhahiso ea temo, ho bula mecha ea lihoai ho eketsa chelete, le ho tsamaisa katleho ea temo le nts'etsopele ea moruo oa mahaeng. .Motheo oa indasteri oa mafura a ethanol o thusa ho nchafatsa Leboya-bochabela.ho boletse Yue Guojun, moithuti oa Sekolo sa Boenjiniere sa Chaena.

Ho ea ka likhakanyo, tlhahiso ea selemo le selemo ea naha ea heso ea lijo-thollo tse fetisitsoeng ke nako le tse sa tloaelehang li ka tšehetsa tekanyo e itseng ea tlhahiso ea biofuel ethanol.Ho feta moo, khoebo ea selemo le selemo ea poone le cassava 'marakeng oa machaba e fihla ho lithane tse limilione tse 170,' me 5% e ka fetoloa lithane tse ka bang limilione tse 3 tsa biofuel ethanol.Litšila tsa selemo le selemo tse fumanehang tsa joang le meru li feta lithane tse limilione tse 400, 30% ea tsona li ka hlahisa lithane tse limilione tse 20 tsa biofuel ethanol.Tsena tsohle li fana ka tiisetso e tšepahalang ea thepa e tala bakeng sa ho holisa tlhahiso le ts'ebeliso ea biofuel ethanol le ho fihlela nts'etsopele ea moshoelella.

Eseng seo feela, biofuel ethanol e ka boela ea fokotsa carbon dioxide le ho tsoa ha lintho tse nyenyane, carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons le lintho tse ling tse kotsi mosing oa likoloi, tse thusang ho ntlafatsa tikoloho ea tikoloho.

Hajoale, tlhahiso ea lefats'e ea mafura a ethanol ke lithane tse limilione tse 79.75.Har'a bona, United States e sebelisitse lithane tse limilione tse 45,6 tsa mafura a poone a ethanol, e leng karolo ea 10.2% ea tšebeliso ea eona ea peterole, e fokotsa libarele tse limilione tse 510 tsa thepa ea oli e sa tsoakoang, ea boloka liranta tse limilione tse likete tse 20.1, ea theha $ 42 limilione tse likete ho GDP le mesebetsi ea 340,000, 'me lekhetho le ile la eketseha. $ 8.5 limilione tse likete.Brazil e hlahisa lithane tse limilione tse 21.89 tsa ethanol selemo le selemo, ho feta 40% ea tšebeliso ea peterole, 'me tlhahiso ea matla ea ethanol le bagasse e entse karolo ea 15.7% ea phepelo ea matla ea naha.

Lefatše le nts'etsapele indasteri ea ethanol ea biofuel ka matla, 'me China le eona e ntse e tsoela pele.Ka Loetse 2017, naha ea heso e ile ea etsa tlhahiso ea hore ka 2020, naha e tla fumana tšireletso e felletseng ea peterole ea ethanol bakeng sa likoloi.Hajoale, liprofinse tse 11 le libaka tse ikemetseng naheng ea heso li ntse li leka ho khothaletsoa ha peterole ea ethanol, 'me tšebeliso ea peterole ea ethanol e etsa karolo ea bohlano ea tšebeliso ea peterole ea naha ka nako eona eo.

tlhahiso ea ethanol ea biofuel naheng ea heso e ka ba lithane tse limilione tse 2,6, e leng karolo ea 3% feela ea kakaretso ea lefatše, e boemong ba boraro.Ea pele le ea bobeli ke United States (lithane tse limilione tse 44,1) le Brazil (lithane tse limilione tse 21.28) ka ho latellana, e leng se bontšang hore indasteri ea naha ea heso ea biofuel ethanol e ntse e na le sebaka se seholo sa ntlafatso.

Kamora lilemo tse fetang leshome tsa nts'etsopele indastering ea naha ea heso ea biofuel ethanol, theknoloji ea tlhahiso ea moloko oa 1 le 1.5 e sebelisang poone le cassava joalo ka thepa e tala e butsoitse ebile e tsitsitse.boemo.

"Naha ea heso e na le monyetla oa ho etella pele theknoloji ea ethanol ea biofuel.E ke ke ea fihlela sepheo sa ho sebelisa peterole ea ethanol ea E10 naheng ka bophara ka 2020, empa hape le theknoloji ea kantle ho naha le lisebelisoa ho thusa linaha tse ling ho theha le ho nts'etsapele indasteri ea ethanol ea biofuel.Qiao Yingbin o boletse.


Nako ea poso: Aug-23-2022